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Bee, yellow jacket, wasp, and hornet are insects that have stings. These insects commonly cause allergic reactions. Sting reaction is often mistaken as allergic reaction. In fact, allergic reaction is only one of the three types of sting reactions. The types of sting reaction are based on its severity. These are normal reaction, localized-type, and allergic type of reaction. And bee allergy belongs to the third type.
Normal reaction results to pain, redness, and swelling of the sting site of the skin. The localized-type results to swelling. The swelling is observed on the sting site and beyond. The third type is the allergic reaction. This is known as the most severe case reaction. This case requires urgent medical consideration.
A person that has a severe bee allergy will experience rapid pulse, wheezing, anxiety, difficulty of breathing, dizziness, hives, and restlessness. He will also have swelling to different parts of the body especially on mouth, throat, and face. It can also lead to a sharp decrease of blood pressure. This will cause a person to undergo shock, unconsciousness, and cardiac arrest. This condition happens few minutes after the sting. And this can lead to death.
However, severe bee allergy happens not all the time. Some will only experience mild allergic response. Person under this condition will experience pain, spots, redness, swelling, itching and warmth. This is usually experience at the sting site.
Bee allergy and its sting reactions can still be treated and avoided. The first thing to do if the sting site is the hand is to take away any rings that you have in your fingers. Also, bee leaves stinger and venom on the skin. The sting must be removed in less than a minute. This will avoid you to receive venom again. Do not do squeezing of the sac. This will allows more venom to be released into the skin. The area must be washed with water and soap. Antiseptic should be applied on the area afterwards. If swelling is present, have a cold compress and ice pack on the area. To lessen swelling and itching, one can take an antihistamine as a medication. And to ease pain, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can be taken.
Severe allergies can be treated using epinephrine. This will help to stop the progressive development of allergic reactions. In some conditions, oxygen and IV fluids are needed. Person who experienced severe sting allergic reaction must always bring epinephrine. This is needed to reverse and counteract any probable allergic reaction that occurred.
Prevention is still the best treatment to any disease. Thus, to lessen bee allergy to occur, one must remember some precautionary measures. These include wearing socks and shoes when going out, wearing shirts with long-sleeves and long pants, using screens on doors and windows at home, using insect repellents, avoid using perfumes, avoid wearing clothes that is bright in color, and many more. Since we know that bee stings are fatal, one must always alert and prepared. Everyone needs to always bring medications in case of emergency.
write by Ladonna