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A foot callus is a common condition that most people have. It occurs as a result of constant friction and pressure being exerted on a section of the foot. Extreme pressure then causes the skin cells to die and create a very hard shielding surface. This surface keeps the tissues and cells under the outer layer of the skin safe and free of damage. These are the so called corns and foot calluses. Many people wrongly think that a corn and callus refers to the same thing. While the terms are used interchangeably, they do not refer to the same condition in reality.
Calluses may develop anywhere on the body skin as long as that part is under constant intense pressure. As a result, you can develop the condition on your feet, hands, elbows, and knees. In this particular article, you will learn more about the feet calluses. They mostly occur on the tip of the metatarsal bone. Even so, these ugly growths can as well form under the big toe, and the sole of the foot. Even the bony area under the toes withstands extreme pressure because of one’s weight and that is why it is prone to these painless lumps.
Generally, a foot callus is larger, wider and has a poorly formed edge unlike a corn. What really causes these bumps? Causes are many, including tight shoes that squeeze the feet and high heeled shoes that press the toes. Bunched up socks, seams in the shoe or thin-soled shoes can result to intense friction which would eventually cause hardened skin surfaces. To some extent, walking or running without footwear can result to these ugly lumps. If you have rheumatoid arthritis, your chances of developing foot calluses are high. How would you know that you have them?
Look for symptoms such as a hard, dry, wide and thick bulge of skin. It might be yellowish or grayish and be painless or less receptive to the touch compared to the immediate skin. It may of course feel rough and swollen. When wearing slippers made of soft fur or sitting comfortably, these will not hurt. However, they will hurt and feel very uncomfortable when you are walking with your shoes on. When you are suffering from either corns or calluses, shoes, especially the closed types become your worst enemy. If the bumps are sensitive even to the slightest touch, you cannot wear closed footwear without feeling extreme pain.
In fact you cannot wear closed or small shoes when your lumps are very large and painful because you would only subject them to extra pressure. If you visit your doctor, he or she will perform an X-ray although this is a rare test. It is only performed when the doctor somehow suspects the foot bones to be the cause of the injurious condition. Frequently, the physicians conduct a normal physical exam and then give you the right prescriptions. Furthermore, people that suffer from peripheral neuropathy, diabetes, peripheral arterial disease, rheumatoid arthritis and other related illnesses require special attention. Their foot calluses could form as a result of blood circulatory problems. If yours are painless and you want to get rid of them, you can use a remover.
write by Olwen